Soils are largely clay or loess with a volcanic substratum. Vines are approx 20 years old. Yields are kept to 10 hectoliters per hectare. The meeting of the two rivers Tisza and Bodrog at Tokaj creates a mist similar to Sauternes which encourages noble rot to affect the dried and shrivelled Aszu grapes. One vine yields approx one glass of wine.
Approx 70% of plantings in the region. A variety with very high levels of tartaric acid which is particularly susceptible to Botrytis.
Approx 25% of plantings. Less susceptible to Botrytis but rich in sugars and aromas.
Muscat de Lunel
Approx 5% of plantings. The most difficult grape to grow but important seasoning.